The first Russian collectors of the European type.
Natural collecting activities, of course, existed in Russia long before the onset of the eighteenth century. But Peter’s reforms in the field of culture give it a new direction – they are oriented toward rapprochement with the culture of Western Europe. It was Peter I who stimulated the development of private collecting in Russia, which flourished in the second half of the 18th century. Following the Russian sovereign, who brought a new passion from overseas travel, many of his associates begin to collect rarities, and a number of remarkable private collections are gradually being formed – A.D. Menshikov, B.P. Sheremeteva, D.M., A.M. and D.A. Golitsyn and others. Continue reading