The history of the Leningrad school of painting covers the period from the early 1930s to the early 1990s. Having emerged in an atmosphere of intense struggle over the development of art and art education in the USSR, it became the missing link, thanks to which in the 20th century the traditions of national art school and realistic painting were preserved and developed.
Having made a significant contribution to the Soviet visual arts, to the formation of the aesthetic views and spiritual world of modern generations, the Leningrad school left the stage at the turn of 80-90, fulfilling its historical and artistic mission and giving way to the era of transition.
Its main external attributes are preserved. The Academy of Arts, once again changing its name, continues to prepare painters, graphic artists, architects, sculptors, restorers. Continue reading
The term “fresco” is understood to be a letter on the raw limestone base by paints diluted with water or paints having a lime binder (lime mortar, lime water). The calcium oxide hydrate contained in the lime paste and, therefore, in the lime solution, is the main element of this technique, which, entering into a chemical reaction with carbon dioxide in the air, forms calcium carbonate — a transparent vitreous structure that, penetrating the entire layer of soil and paints and forming a thin transparent film on their surface, fixes (cements) both the entire soil and the paint layer of the fresco, which it also protects from weathering. Continue reading
Stained glass is one of the most remarkable phenomena of monumental art. It received its current name from the French word “vitrage” – glass. Until recently, this term was understood as an ornamental or plot decorative composition (in a window, door, partition, in the form of a separate panel) of glass or other material that transmits light.
According to scientists, the simplest stained glass windows existed already in ancient Egypt from the 2nd millennium BC. and in ancient Rome – from the 1st millennium AD. Continue reading