Poet and poetry. 19-20-21 century
The word “poetry” in Greek means creation. And often we use this term to refer to the beauty, grace and sound of what is said or written. Then it sounds like a metaphor, and can even be said about prose. There is also the term “verse”, and sometimes to avoid confusion in the scientific literature it is used it. But he, too, is not capable of giving the desired exact explanation to this method of organizing speech, because, as is well known, it is customary to call a “line” a separate line of a poem. But if to say in general, while relying on Theodore de Banville’s statement, it is possible that you can convey the essence in this way, then poetry is something perfect and great, created and not needing rework.
The Golden Age in Russian poetry is also called “Pushkin at times”, and here is the work of Lermontov and Nekrasov. The poems of this time are quite original, in contrast to the fact that earlier eras had borrowed more. The period of this work in Russia coincides with the era of the birth of romantic poetry in Western Europe. But the direction it gives is not romanticism. The poetry of the golden age was more formal, yes, it is selective and almost flawless, but very classical. Poets are inspired by emotions, sensations and feelings. Poems almost breathe, but again, this breath can be easily compared with the aspiration of a Russian girl, which is very simple to draw in her fantasy even today. Few of the poets go beyond the limits of classical sensitivity. There is no longer a conversation with nature, but a lot of attention is paid to anacreontic topics. The cult of friendship is praised by the poets, the plots of fun and feasts are developed.
1808 can be called the beginning of the Golden Age, because already in one of the first mature works of Zhukovsky, the individual intonation is very well seen, which is so characteristic of poetry that has become “taller”. In the early 20s, Byron influence was noticeable, such a form of expression as a poetic novel became popular. Trying to annoy the conservatives, the Arzamasians fashionably chant for romanticism. Pushkin’s work is a huge success, poetry monopolizes book rows, along with Alexander Sergeyevich Zhukovsky and Kozlova become. And here “journalists take power”, whose ambitions are growing. French romanticism is gaining popularity, novels are printed, and poetry fade into the background.
The new period of flourishing in the literature is already associated with the Silver Age – this is the beginning of the 20th century. Writing talent is increasingly willing to demonstrate a huge number of Soviet poets. The name of the period was introduced by Nikolai Otsup, starting from the analogy with the Golden Age.
The representatives of Serebryany are supporters of a completely new aesthetics, which greatly differs from the old ideology. Later, a lot of trends appear, according to the criteria of belonging to which all the work of the century is perfectly divided. Completely new views on art in general are reflected in literature. The symbolism, which became a consequence of the crisis, asks the deepest philosophical questions of all mankind through the poetry of Tyutchev and Fet. In France, the most famous representatives of this movement were Verlaine and Baudelaire.
Material acmeists Gumilyov, Akhmatova, Zenkevich preached the accuracy of the image, materiality, perfection of the word – their main position was “art for the sake of art”.
In the early 1990s, the primacy of the work of metarealists (from the word metaphor) and conceptualists is clearly visible. The lack of freedom or its restriction, the impossibility of expressing thoughts, the authentic true truth, which at this time is constantly veiled by the inevitability of falsehood, becomes urgent issues. These principles develop the first. The statements of the second are akin to the complete opposition of Soviet unity. Among conceptualists, Nikolay Bytov skillfully did not cross the face, but balancing on the edge due to his special attitude to the word, his interest in the very same poetic speech.
In modern times, a variety of social themes are raised, subcultural influences, psychological and personal problems of a person, even having a sexual coloration, are noticeable. People have become freer, as well as creativity, it is freed from conventions and is always openly new.