The history of the Leningrad school of painting covers the period from the early 1930s to the early 1990s. Having emerged in an atmosphere of intense struggle over the development of art and art education in the USSR, it became the missing link, thanks to which in the 20th century the traditions of national art school and realistic painting were preserved and developed.
Having made a significant contribution to the Soviet visual arts, to the formation of the aesthetic views and spiritual world of modern generations, the Leningrad school left the stage at the turn of 80-90, fulfilling its historical and artistic mission and giving way to the era of transition.
Its main external attributes are preserved. The Academy of Arts, once again changing its name, continues to prepare painters, graphic artists, architects, sculptors, restorers. Continue reading
The first Russian collectors of the European type.
Natural collecting activities, of course, existed in Russia long before the onset of the eighteenth century. But Peter’s reforms in the field of culture give it a new direction – they are oriented toward rapprochement with the culture of Western Europe. It was Peter I who stimulated the development of private collecting in Russia, which flourished in the second half of the 18th century. Following the Russian sovereign, who brought a new passion from overseas travel, many of his associates begin to collect rarities, and a number of remarkable private collections are gradually being formed – A.D. Menshikov, B.P. Sheremeteva, D.M., A.M. and D.A. Golitsyn and others. Continue reading
Translated from the French word “landscape” (paysage) means “nature”. That is what the genre is called in art, the main task of which is the reproduction of natural or changed by man nature.
In addition, the landscape is a particular artistic work in painting or graphics, showing the viewer nature. The “hero” of such a work is a natural motive, invented by the author.
Elements of the landscape can be found already in rock art. In the Neolithic era, primitive craftsmen schematically depicted on the walls of the caves of a river or a lake, trees and boulders. On the Tassilin-Adjer Plateau in the Sahara, drawings with scenes of hunting and herding herds were discovered. Next to the figures of animals and man, the ancient artist schematically painted a simple landscape, not giving the opportunity to specify the scene of action. In the art of the Ancient East and Crete, the landscape motif is a rather common detail of wall paintings. Thus, not far from the village of Beni Hassan in Middle Egypt were found rock tombs of ancient Egyptian rulers who lived in the 21-20 centuries BC. Continue reading